Perubahan Teknologi dan Efisiensi pada Organisasi Pengelola Zakat di Indonesia

Main Article Content

Aam Slamet Rusydiana

Abstract

Zakah institution is the intermediary organizations based on social. Although based on social activities, but the management is still needs to uphold professional, accountability and transparency principles. This study attempts to analyze the productivity level of zakat organization in Indonesia, both in terms of changes of its efficiency, and also its technological. There are two things that are calculated in Malmquist index measurement that is catch-up effect and frontier shift effect. The catch-up effect measures the rate of change in relative efficiency from period 1 to period 2. Meanwhile the frontier shift effect measures the rate of technological change that is a combination of input and output from period 1 to period 2. The frontier shift effect is often called an innovation effect. Findings from the results of the productivity index analysis are very interesting. In general, there has been an increase in the level of productivity of zakat institutions in Indonesia in the period 2011 to 2016. The increase in productivity growth (1.116) of zakat institutions in Indonesia is generally caused by technological change (1.137) instead of changes in efficiency (0.982). Thus the service of zakat institutions is needed which is more innovative in relation to the development of technology in the future.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Ahmad, Ismail HJ and Masturah Ma’in. 2014. “The Efficiency of Zakat Collection and Distribution: Evidence from Two Stage Analysis”. Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development, 35, 3(2014) 133-170.
Akbar, Nasher. 2009. “Analisis Efisiensi Organisasi Pengelola Zakat Nasional Dengan Pendekatan Data Envelopment Analysis”. Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review. Vol. 4 No. 2, 2009.
Avenzora Ahmad dan Jossy P. Moeis. (2008) “Analisis Produktivitas dan Efisiensi Industri Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil di Indonesia tahun 2002-2004. Disertasi pada FE Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.
Banker, R.D., Charnes, A., and Cooper, W.W. (1984). “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiency in Data Envelopment Analysis”, Management Science, 30 (9), 1078-92.
Beik, Irfan Syauqi, et al. 2014. “Towardss an Establishment of an Efficient and Sound Zakat System: Proposed Core Principles for Effective Zakat Supervision. Paper presented in the Working Group of Zakat Core Principles 2014.
Bjurek, Hans. (1996). The malmquist total factor productivity index, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 98 (2).
Caves et.al. (1982). The Economic Theory of Index Number and The Measurement of Input, Output and Productivity. Econometrica, 50 (6).
Charnes, A., Cooper, W.W., and Rhodes, E. (1978). “Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units”, European Journal of Operation Research, 2, 6, 429-44.
Coelli.T.I, Rao, D.S.P. and Battese, G.E. (1998). Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publisher.
Coelli, T.J, Rao, D.S.P., Prasada Rao, Christoper J. O’Donnel and G.E. Battese. (2005). Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, (Second Edition), Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Cooper, William W., Seiford, Lawrence M., and Tone, Koru. (1999). A Comprehensive Text with Models, Application, References and DEA-Solver Software, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publisher.
Cooper, et al. (2002). Data Envelopment Analysis. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publisher.
Cooper, William W, Lawrance M. Seiford and Joe Zhu. (2010). Handbook on Data Envelopment Analysis. London: Springer.
Farrell, M.L. (1957). “The Measurement of Productive Efficiency”, Journal of The Royal Statistical Society, 120, p.253-281.
Islamic Banker Association. (2017). Global Islamic Finance Report 2017.
Noor, Abd Halim Mohd, et al. 2012. “Assessing Performance of Nonprofit Organization: A Framework for Zakat Institutions”. British Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences, Vol. 5(1)
Noor, Abd Halim Mohd, et al. 2015. “Efficiency of Islamic Institutions: Empirical Evidence of Zakat Organizations Performance in Malaysia”. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, Vol. 3 No.2.
Norazlina Abd Wahab, Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman. 2011. “A Framework to Analyze the Efficiency and Governance of Zakat Institutions”, Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, Vol. 2 Iss 1, pp43-62.
Norazlina Abd Wahab, Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman. 2012. “Efficiency of Zakat Institutions in Malaysia: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis”, Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development, Vol. 33 No.1, pp 95-112.
Nurfalah, I., Rusydiana, A.S., Laila, N., and Cahyono, E.F. 2018, “Early warning to banking crises in the dual financial system in Indonesia: The markov switching approach”, JKAU: Islamic Economics, Vol.31, No.2, pp.133-156.
Oscar, Yazar (2008), Health Care Benchmarking and Performance Evaluation: An Assessment using Data Envelopment Analysis. Springer, Newton MA.
Otoritas Jasa Keuangan. (2018). Statistik Perbankan Syariah Indonesia April Tahun 2018.
Ozdemir, Asli. 2013. “Integrating analytic network process and data envelopment analysis for efficiency measurement of Turkish commercial banks”. Banks and Bank Systems Volume 8 issue 2, 2013.
Ramanathan, R. (2003). An Introduction to Data Envelopment Analysis: A Tool for Performance Measurement. London: Sage Publications.
Rani, L., Rusydiana, A., and Widiastuti, T. 2017. “Comparative analysis of Islamic bank’s productivity and conventional banks in Indonesia period 2008-2016”. In 1st International Conference on Islamic Economics, Business and Philanthropy (ICIEBP 2017), pp. 118-123.
Rusydiana, Aam S., and Yulizar D. Sanrego, 2018. “Mesuring the performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia: An application of Maslahah efficiency quadrant (MEQ)”. Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, Vol 3 Special Issue, pp.103-130.
Rusydiana, Aam S., and Irman Firmansyah, 2017. “Efficiency versus Maqasid sharia index: An application on Indonesia Islamic bank”. Shirkah Journal of Economics and Business, Vol 2 No 2, 2017.
Rusydiana, Aam S, and Salman Al Parisi, 2016. “The efficiency of zakah institution using data envelopment analysis”. Al-Iqtishad: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Syariah, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp.213-226.
Rusydiana, Aam S. 2018. “Indeks malmquist untuk pengukuran efisiensi dan produktivitas bank syariah di Indonesia”, Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan LIPI, Vol.26, No.1, pp.47-58.
Rusydiana, Aam S. 2013. Mengukur Tingkat Efisiensi dengan Data Envelopment Analysis. Bogor: SMART Publishing.
Shahreki, Javad, Nazar Dahmardeh and Mohammad Ali Ghasemi. (2012). “Efficiency Evaluation Bank Sepah Branches in Sistan and Baluchestan Province Using Data Envelopment Analysis”. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business Vol. 4 No. 2, June 2012.
Tsolas, Ioannis E. and Dimitris I. Giokas. (2012). “Bank branch efficiency evaluation by means of least absolute deviations and DEA”. Managerial Finance Vol 38 No. 8, 2012.
Wahab, Norazlina Abd. And Abdul Rahman, Abdul Rahim. 2012. “Efficiency of Zakat Institutions in Malaysia: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis”. Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development, 33, 1(2012) 95-112.
Wahab, Norazlina Abd. And Abdul Rahman, Abdul Rahim. 2013. “Determinants of Efficiency of Zakat Institutions in Malaysia: A Non-parametric Approach”. Asian Journal of Business and Accounting, 6(2) 2013.